Cholecystectomy is the surgical removal of the gallbladder.
Two common types are open and laparoscopic removal surgery. Laparoscopic surgery, using a tiny camera and surgical instruments inserted through small incisions (cuts), is the most common type, however open surgery is also used for medical reasons.
There are many different types of surgery that can be used for haemorrhoids (piles) and they usually involve either removing the haemorrhoids or reducing their blood supply, causing them to shrink.
An umbilical hernia appears as a painless lump in or near the navel (belly button) that may get bigger during laughing, coughing, crying or going to the toilet.
Surgery, a relatively simple procedure, is recommended for most adults with an umbilical hernia. The weak spot in the abdominal wall is usually closed with stitches, but if the hernia is large, a special mesh may be used to strengthen the area.
An inguinal hernia is the most common type of hernia. It can appear as a swelling or lump in patient’s groin, or as an enlarged scrotum. The lump often appears when patient lifts something and disappears when patient lies down.
Inguinal hernia repair can be performed with open surgery or laparoscopic surgery which is less invasive but more difficult. The type of surgery depends on the patient’s situation and the surgeon’s experience.